Click for Details On Sale! On this extensive release, the Verdi Quartet has taken on quite the task- recording Franz Schubert's complete string quartets. The four musicians brilliantly rise to the task, playing these works with verve and aplomb, and leaving the listener always wanting to hear more from these musicians.
Time and again the four members of the Verdi Quartet have successfully communicated their own enthusiasm to their audiences, for instance at the great festivals at Schwetzingen, Ludwigsburg and Zermatt, the Mozart Festival at Lille France , the Orlando Festival in Kerkrade Netherlands and the Bach Festival in Oregon, where they were appointed Quartet in Residence. Despite his preoccupation with the stage, and later with his official duties, Schubert found time during these years for a significant amount of composition.
He completed the Mass in A-flat major , D. Also in that year, symptoms of syphilis first appeared. He also wrote the Sonata in A minor for arpeggione and piano D. In love with a Countess of youthful grace, —A pupil of Galt's; in desperate case Young Schubert surrenders himself to another, And fain would avoid such affectionate pother .
The setbacks of previous years were compensated by the prosperity and happiness of Publication had been moving more rapidly, the stress of poverty was for a time lightened, and in the summer he had a pleasant holiday in Upper Austria where he was welcomed with enthusiasm. The original only opens with the greeting "Ave Maria", which also recurs only in the refrain. From to , Schubert resided continuously in Vienna, except for a brief visit to Graz , Austria, in In , he dedicated a symphony D.
Later in the year came the String Quartet No. The works of his last two years reveal a composer entering a new professional and compositional stage. In , Schubert wrote the song cycle Winterreise D. The orchestra of the Gesellschaft reportedly read through the symphony at a rehearsal, but never scheduled a public performance of it. The reasons continue to be unknown, although the difficulty of the symphony is the possible explanation. On 26 March , the anniversary of Beethoven's death, Schubert gave, for the only time in his career, a public concert of his own works.
In the midst of this creative activity, his health deteriorated. By the late s, Schubert's health was failing and he confided to some friends that he feared that he was near death. In the late summer of , the composer saw the physician Ernst Rinna, who may have confirmed Schubert's suspicions that he was ill beyond cure and likely to die soon.
He was generally unable to retain solid food and his condition worsened. Five days before Schubert's death, his friend, violinist Karl Holz , and his string quartet visited him to play for him. The last musical work he had wished to hear was Beethoven's String Quartet No. Schubert died in Vienna, aged 31, on 19 November , at the apartment of his brother Ferdinand. The cause of his death was officially diagnosed as typhoid fever , though other theories have been proposed, including the tertiary stage of syphilis.
In , a memorial to Franz Schubert was erected in Vienna's Stadtpark. Schubert was remarkably prolific, writing over 1, works in his short career.
His compositional style progressed rapidly throughout his short life. He completed eight orchestral overtures and seven complete symphonies, in addition to fragments of six others. While he composed no concertos, he did write three concertante works for violin and orchestra. Schubert wrote a large body of music for solo piano, including eleven incontrovertibly completed sonatas and at least nine more in varying states of completion, [a] numerous miscellaneous works and many short dances, in addition to producing a large set of works for piano four hands.
He also wrote over fifty chamber works, including some fragmentary works. Schubert's sacred output includes seven masses, one oratorio and one requiem, among other mass movements and numerous smaller compositions. In July the Austrian composer Ernst Krenek discussed Schubert's style, abashedly admitting that he had at first "shared the wide-spread opinion that Schubert was a lucky inventor of pleasing tunes Bach or Beethoven ". Krenek wrote that he reached a completely different assessment after close study of Schubert's pieces at the urging of his friend and fellow composer Eduard Erdmann.
Krenek pointed to the piano sonatas as giving "ample evidence that [Schubert] was much more than an easy-going tune-smith who did not know, and did not care, about the craft of composition. That "appetite for experimentation" manifests itself repeatedly in Schubert's output in a wide variety of forms and genres, including opera, liturgical music , chamber and solo piano music, and symphonic works.
Perhaps most familiarly, his adventurousness is reflected in his notably original sense of modulation; for example, the second movement of the String Quintet D.
Although Schubert was clearly influenced by the Classical sonata forms of Beethoven and Mozart , his formal structures and his developments tend to give the impression more of melodic development than of harmonic drama. It was in the genre of the Lied that Schubert made his most indelible mark. Leon Plantinga remarks that "in his more than six hundred Lieder he explored and expanded the potentialities of the genre, as no composer before him.
His last collection of songs published in after his death, Schwanengesang , is also an innovative contribution to German lieder literature, as it features poems by different poets, namely Ludwig Rellstab , Heine, and Johann Gabriel Seidl. The Wiener Theaterzeitung , writing about Winterreise at the time, commented that it was a work that "none can sing or hear without being deeply moved".
When Schubert died he had around opus numbers published, mainly songs, chamber music and smaller piano compositions. An important step towards the recovery of the neglected works was the journey to Vienna which the music historian George Grove and the composer Arthur Sullivan made in October The travellers unearthed the manuscripts of six of the symphonies, parts of the incidental music to Rosamunde , the Mass No.
With these discoveries, Grove and Sullivan were able to inform the public of the existence of these works; in addition, they were able to copy the fourth and sixth symphonies, the Rosamunde incidental music, and the overture to Die Freunde von Salamanka. Since relatively few of Schubert's works were published in his lifetime, only a small number of them have opus numbers assigned, and even in those cases, the sequence of the numbers does not give a good indication of the order of composition.
Austrian musicologist Otto Erich Deutsch — is known for compiling the first comprehensive catalogue of Schubert's works. Confusion arose quite early over the numbering of Schubert's late symphonies. An even broader confusion arose over the numbering of the piano sonatas , with numbering systems ranging from 15 to 23 sonatas. A feeling of regret for the loss of potential masterpieces caused by Schubert's early death at age 31 was expressed in the epitaph on his large tombstone written by Grillparzer: "Here music has buried a treasure, but even fairer hopes.
Just before he died, when he wrote his beautiful two-cello String Quintet in C, he said very modestly that he was trying to learn a little more about counterpoint, and he was perfectly right. We'll never know in what direction he was going or would have gone. For instance, Robert Schumann said: "It is pointless to guess at what more [Schubert] might have achieved.
In 31 years, he lived more than other people would live in years, and it is needless to speculate what could he have written had he lived another 50 years. It's irrelevant, just like with Mozart; these are the two natural geniuses of music. Schubert's chamber music continues to be popular. In a survey conducted by the ABC Classic FM radio station in , Schubert's chamber works dominated the field, with the Trout Quintet ranked first, the String Quintet in C major ranked second, and the Notturno in E-flat major for piano trio ranked third.
Furthermore, eight more of his chamber works were among the ranked pieces: both piano trios, the String Quartet No. The New York Times ' chief music critic Anthony Tommasini , who ranked Schubert as the fourth greatest composer, wrote of him:. You have to love the guy, who died at 31, ill, impoverished and neglected except by a circle of friends who were in awe of his genius.
For his hundreds of songs alone — including the haunting cycle Winterreise , which will never release its tenacious hold on singers and audiences — Schubert is central to our concert life Schubert's first few symphonies may be works in progress. But the Unfinished and especially the Great C major Symphony are astonishing. The latter one paves the way for Bruckner and prefigures Mahler. From the s through the s, Franz Liszt transcribed and arranged a number of Schubert's works, particularly the songs.
Liszt, who was a significant force in spreading Schubert's work after his death, said Schubert was "the most poetic musician who ever lived. Britten, an accomplished pianist, accompanied many of Schubert's Lieder and performed many piano solo and duet works. German electronic music group Kraftwerk has an instrumental piece titled Franz Schubert on their album Trans-Europe Express.
In , the th anniversary of Schubert's birth was marked in the musical world by festivals and performances dedicated to his music. In Vienna, there were ten days of concerts, and the Emperor Franz Joseph gave a speech recognising Schubert as the creator of the art song, and one of Austria's favourite sons. In , Schubert Week was held in Europe and the United States to mark the centenary of the composer's death. Works by Schubert were performed in churches, in concert halls, and on radio stations.
Menuetto - complete score String Quartet No. Presto - complete score Piano Quartet in G minor, op. Viola 1 Quintet for Flute and Strings, Op. Franz Schubert's Letters and Other Writings. Allegretto agitato String quartet in F minor, op. Quartets Violin 2 String Quartets Nos.
Schubert's music has also been featured in numerous post- silent era films, including Walt Disney 's Fantasia , which features Ave Maria D. Otto Erich Deutsch , working in the first half of the 20th century, was probably the preeminent scholar of Schubert's life and music. In addition to the catalogue of Schubert's works, he collected and organized a great deal of material about Schubert, some of which remains in print. The following sources illustrate the confusion around the numbering of Schubert's late symphonies. The B minor Unfinished Symphony is variously published as No. List of compositions by Franz Schubert.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Schubert disambiguation. See also: List of compositions by Franz Schubert by genre.
Arpeggione Sonata, D. Allegro moderato. Piano Sonata in B-flat major, D. Molto moderato.